Title VII of the Civil Rights Act

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) is a federal law that prohibits employers from discriminating against individuals based on race, color, religion, national origin or sex.

Title VII applies to employers with 15 or more employees on each working day in each of 20 or more calendar weeks in a current or prior calendar year. The law also applies to employment agencies and labor organizations.

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces Title VII and may file charges and initiate federal court lawsuits against employers that violate the law. In Title VII lawsuits, courts may award compensatory and punitive damages to individuals who are adversely affected by an employer’s violation of the law.

Employer requirements of Title VII include:

  • Posting a Title VII notice in locations accessible to all applicants and employees; and
  • For employers with 100 or more employees, must file annual reports with the EEOC.

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The information provided is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. The information above contains only a summary of the applicable legal provisions and does not purport to cover every aspect of any particular law, regulation or requirement. Depending on the specific facts of any situation, there may be additional or different requirements. This is to be used only as a guide and not as a definitive description of your compliance obligations.